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Bonds & CDs

Learn about bonds and CDs and find the fixed income investments that suit your needs. Select from a wide range of municipal, Treasury and agency bonds, as well as CDs and other debt securities from across the domestic market.

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What type of bond investing is right for you?

Vanguard bond funds»

Diversification. You're looking to invest in a broad range of segments and maturities across the fixed income market.

Professionally managed. You'd like to invest in a bond portfolio managed by professional advisors.

Liquidity. You want the option of selling your shares at any time at fund value.

Individual bonds»

Immediate goals. You have a future spending need within a short timeframe.

Flexibility. You'd like to research bonds on your own and find bonds with specific criteria like, credit quality, state exposure and maturity.

Self-managed. You want to research bonds and work with a fixed income specialist to implement your purchase.

Getting started

Learn about bonds and CDs

CDs are deposit obligations issued by commercial banks to raise funds for their business activities. See CD yields.
Agency bonds
U.S. government agency bonds are debt obligations issued by government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) or U.S. government agencies.
Corporate bonds
Corporate bonds are debt obligations issued by corporations to raise capital and operating cash.
Exchange-traded notes
Exchange-traded notes (ETNs) are senior, unsecured, unsubordinated debt securities typically issued by a bank or financial institution.
U.S. Treasuries
U.S. Treasury securities are direct debt obligations backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.
Municipal bonds
Municipal bonds are debt obligations issued by states, cities, counties and other governmental entities to raise funds to pay for public projects.
Preferred securities
Preferred securities combine the features of bonds and stocks. They represent ownership in a corporation like stocks (though generally with no voting rights) but provide periodic dividend payments like bonds.

All brokered CDs may fluctuate in value between purchase date and maturity date. CDs may be sold on the secondary market, which may be limited, prior to maturity subject to market conditions. Any CD sold prior to maturity may be subject to a substantial gain or loss. Vanguard Brokerage does not make a market in brokered CDs. The original face amount of the purchase is not guaranteed if the position is sold prior to maturity. CDs are subject to availability. As of July 21, 2010, all CDs are federally insured up to $250,000 per depositor per bank. In determining the applicable insurance limits, the FDIC aggregates accounts held at the issuer, including those held through different broker dealers or other intermediaries. For additional details regarding coverage eligibility and insurance limits for other types of accounts, visit Vanguard Brokerage imposes a $10,000 minimum for CDs purchased through Vanguard Brokerage. Yields are calculated as simple interest, not compounded. Brokered CDs do not need to be held to maturity, charge no penalties for redemption, and have limited liquidity in a secondary market. If a CD has a step rate, the interest rate of the CD may be higher or lower than prevailing market rates. Step rate CDs are subject to secondary market risk and often will include a call provision by the issuer that would subject the investor to reinvestment risk. The initial rate of a step rate CD cannot be used to calculate the yield to maturity. If a CD has a call provision, the issuer has sole discretion whether to call the CD. If an issuer calls a CD, there is a risk to the investor that the investor will be forced to reinvest at a less favorable interest rate. Vanguard Brokerage makes no judgment as to the creditworthiness of the issuing institution and does not recommend or endorse CDs in any way.

Vanguard Brokerage Services (VBS) has provided availability to the alternative trading systems operated by Tradeweb Markets LLC ("Tradeweb") and to other content provided by Tradeweb. Tradeweb provides access to certain municipal bond information from DPC DATA. Tradeweb and DPC DATA are third parties and are not affiliated with VBS. While VBS provides access to Tradeweb's alternative trading systems, VBS has no control over actions taken by Tradeweb.

All content with the exception of new issue municipal content is provided by Tradeweb and DPC DATA. VBS is not responsible for the accuracy of this data. New issue municipal content on the Tradeweb pages is provided by VBS. Tradeweb Disclaimer

For additional information about CDs, see the Certificate of Deposit Disclosure Statement. Additional information is available at

Note on account protection: Securities in your brokerage account are held in custody by Vanguard Brokerage Services (VBS), a division of Vanguard Marketing Corporation, Member FINRA and SIPC. Account protection information

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More bond information

Bond yields
Economic indicators and bond news
U.S.Treasury auction calendar
New issue municipal calendar

Related sites

Smart Bond Investing Open new browser window

Investing in Open new browser window

Investor's Guide to CMOs Open new browser window

EMMA—Electronic Municipal Market Access Open new browser window

EDGAR—Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis & Retrieval Open new browser window

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